What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)?

Irritable Bowel Syndrome or IBS is a common gastrointestinal (GI) disorder affecting the large intestine. Patient with IBS has signs and symbols including abdominal pain or discomfort, cramping or bloating accompanied by changed bowel habits such as diarrhoea or constipation or both, or having different kind of stool (thin, hard, or soft and liquid).

Known to be a chronic condition, the symptoms for the disorder occur over a long term to be managed. Dietary modifications and change in lifestyle can help reduce or eliminate IBS symptoms. However, severe symptoms take time to manage and can be reduced/eliminated through medications or counselling.

Studies suggest that during IBS, the large intestine (colon) gets hypersensitive reacting to mild stimulation. Instead of slow and rhythmic muscle movements, the bowel muscles spasm causing diarrhoea or constipation.